A full-grown llama stands three to four feet at the
shoulder and five to six and a half feet tall at the head.
llamas can weigh from 250 to 450 pounds. Llamas weigh about
25 pounds at birth.
Llamas boast a mind-boggling array of patterns and solid colors,
ranging from snowy white to jet black and everything in between
- the full gamut of grays, tans, beiges, and rusty brownish
Llamas tend to be docile, curious, non-aggressive, and quietly
compatible. They're highly social and will always be happiest
when they're part of a herd; though llamas have been known to
bond with other animals, such as sheep or goats, they really
thrive with the companionship of other llamas and will do best
in groups or at least pairs.
A llama's normal life span is 15 to 25 years.
Llamas are highly intelligent animals and learn quickly. Because
they're also calm and curious, they're very trainable and can
master many skills.
Overall Health Picture:
Excellent. Llamas are hardy and generally healthy
animals that are disease-resistant and don't require a great
deal of special handling. Routine vaccinations and worming are
generally the only medical care required to keep llamas in good
health. However, llamas are uncomplaining animals and tend to
hide illnesses or problems, so it's important to get to know
your llamas and keep an eye out for distressed or unusual behavior
Requirements: Llamas are modified ruminants;they
have a single segmented stomach and like cows, they chew cud
(partially digested food). Good pasturage and high quality hay
are crucial to the llama diet, but because they have a relatively
low requirement for protein, a wide variety of pasturages can
suit their needs. Sometimes additional vitamins, minerals, and
salt are needed and ready-made llama supplements are available.
Feeding llamas can be much more affordable than feeding other
animals of similar size.
Llamas are not demanding about housing - all they really need
is uninterrupted access to shelter for protection from extremes
of hot, cold, or wet weather, plus good fencing. Many llama
owners have successfully "improvised" llama living arrangements
using existing barns and buildings.
llamas are usually fertile by the age of two and can be bred
at any time of year. Baby llamas (known as crias) are born after
a long (350 day) gestation period, usually one at a time - twins
An interesting llama fact: crias are almost
always born during daylight hours. Experts believe this is a
built-in safety measure of particular value to llamas in their
original habitat, ensuring that the new baby is up and moving
by the time darkness falls and night predators arrive. The cria
will depend on its mother's milk for four to six months before